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Patterns for Your Conclusion

Your conclusion is much like your introduction. Study this example.

In conclusion, Paris is an overrated city. The people are smelly; the subways are crowded, and the food is expensive. Don’t be fooled by people who tell you that everyone should see Paris at least once. Paris is not an enjoyable place to spend your vacation.

Often, your biggest challenge when writing your conclusion is to restate your main ideas, instead of simply repeating them. To mix things up a little, you might try starting your conclusion with the following “advanced” sentence pattern.

Smelly people, crowded subways, and expensive food—these are the things which make Paris an unpleasant city.

Of course, there are several variations, including:

Smelly people, crowded subways, and expensive food—all these things make Paris a poor choice for a holiday.

Having written that sentence as the first sentence of your conclusion, all you need now is a few more sentences that basically restate your thesis:

Smelly people, crowded subways, and expensive food—all these things make Paris a poor choice for a holiday. Don’t be fooled by people who say that Paris is a wonderful city. Paris is overrated. Spend your holiday dollars somewhere else.

Here is another example. This is the concluding paragraph of my sample essay on Israel:

Jewish-only towns, Jewish-only roads, and a system of unequal laws—these are but a few of the ways that the state of Israel discriminates against Palestinians. It is little wonder that so many Palestinians want complete independence from Israel. The United Nations should insist that Israel stop abusing the human rights of the Palestinians.

Lastly, here is the concluding paragraph of my sample country report. 

Poverty, hunger, disease, and violence—these are the things that a visitor to Swaziland can expect to see. And while it is true that visitors may also see a magnificent sunset or two, it is far less likely that that an elephant or giraffe will appear silhouetted against the darkening sky. Swaziland is not a country that fulfills one’s romantic expectations of southern Africa. Swaziland is a poor and disease-ridden land —and a terrible destination for a vacation.


Instructions for the Quiz

Answer the questions.

Quiz