Literary Terms

 

Rhyme Scheme

Rhyming words are words that sound the same at the ends, such as

When a poem has rhyming words at the ends of its lines, these are called “end rhymes.” Here is an example of end rhyme:

My cat is nice.
My cat likes mice.

A “rhyme scheme” is a way of describing the pattern of end rhymes in a poem. Each new sound at the end of a line is given a letter, starting with “A,” then “B,” and so on. If an end sound repeats the end sound of an earlier line, it gets the same letter as the earlier line.

Here are three slightly different cat poems, each with a different rhyme scheme. The first is AABB, the second is ABAB, and the third is ABCB.

My cat is nice.

A

My cat likes mice.

A

My cat is fat.

B

I like my cat.

B

My cat is nice.

A

My cat is fat.

B

My cat likes mice.

A

I like my cat.

B

My cat is gray.

A

My cat is fat.

B

My cat is cute.

C

I like my cat.

B

Instructions for the Quiz

For each poem, identify the rhyme scheme.

Quiz