Literary Terms


Figurative Language

The words "literal" and "figurative" are antonyms (words with nearly opposite meanings).



  • Words are used with their most common meanings.
  • The words mean exactly what they say.
  • There is nothing you have to "figure out."
  • Words are used creatively.
  • Comparisons, exagerations, and symbols are commonly used to make a point.
  • The reader must figure out what the writer is trying to say.

The dress is blue.

I'm feeling blue.

You are pretty.

You're a doll.

This candy is sweet.

You're as sweet as candy.

She doesn't care.

She has a stone heart.

He ran fast.

He ran like the wind.

I have a headache.

I feel like my head is going to explode.

I got a sunburn.

I roasted in the sun.

I spent $30 on video games today.

I spent a ton of money on video games today.

I'm really hungry.

I could eat a cow!


Instructions for the Quiz

Decide if each sentence is MOST LIKELY meant literally or figuratively.