Congratulations! You have reached the final level.

You have learned:

The 5 Basic Clause Patterns

    1. equative (S=C)
    2. intransitive (SV)
    3. transitive (SVO)
    4. ditransitive (SVOiOd)
    5. dummy subject (There is / It is)

The 5 Types of Sentences

    1. simple
    2. compound
    3. hybrid
    4. complex
    5. compound-complex

The 6 Basic Phrase Patterns

    1. Prepositional
    2. Appositive
    3. Gerund
    4. Participial (past and present)
    5. Absolute
    6. Infinitive

The 3 Kinds of Subordinate Clauses

    1. adverb clauses
    2. noun clauses
    3. adjective clauses (also known as relative clauses)

Wow, that's quite an accomplishment!

Was it worth it?

I think so.

By studying the "building blocks" of the English sentence, you will now, I hope, have more confidence as you arrange (and rearrange) those blocks in different ways.

You will also be able to analyze (and imitate) the styles of writers you admire.

Is there more to learn?

Of course. English grammar is a labrynth of exceptions and variations.

But we've covered all the basics, and that's good enough for now. In fact, it's more than enough.

And so, in this unit, we're simply going to review. Each quiz consists of 25 questions randomly selected from earlier units.

The last quiz is one that I call the "Grammar Challenge". It's basically just a really hard test. You can take it as many times as you want. At the end of the year, I will award certificates to the three students with the highest scores.

Instructions for the Quiz

Identify the type of clause.