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Placement of Adjective Clauses

Adjective clauses describe nouns, and they can be found after any noun in the sentence.

Consider this sentence:

Here we have another "nesting doll" situation (a clause within a clause).

Main Clause
  Subordinate
Adjective Clause
   
S
The man
S
The man
V
ate

O
my sandwich

V
laughed
Adverb
loudly

Our analysis tells us:

Here is another example, using whom:

Main Clause
  Subordinate
Adjective Clause
   
S
Veronica
O
Veronica
S
he

V
loved

=
was
C
a police officer

Our analysis tells us:

Adjective clauses can also describe the object of the main clause. We have already seen several such examples, but here is another:

main clause

subordinate
adjective clause

I read the book that you recommended.

S
I

V
read
O
the book
O
the book
S
you
V
recommended

Our analysis tells us:

Adjective clauses can also describe an indirect object.

main clause

     

subordinate
adjective clause

 

S
I

V
gave

Oi
the man

S
the man

V
came

Adv
yesterday

Od
the money


Our analysis reveals:

Lastly, adjective clauses can describe the object of a preposition:

main clause

 

subordinate
adjective clause

S
I
V
went
prep. phrase
on a date
prep. phrase
with the man
S
the man
V
gave
Oi
me
Od
flowers

Our anaylysis reveals:

Instructions for the Quiz

Each sentence includes an adjective clause (highlighted in green). Your job is to identify the function of the noun (in the main clause) that is described by the highlighted adjective clause.

In other words:

  1. Identify the noun that the adjective clause describes. (Hint: It's always the noun that comes directly before the adjective clause).
  2. Identify the function of that noun.
    1. Is it the subject of the main clause?
    2. Is it the direct object of the main clause?
    3. Is it the indirect object of the main clause?
    4. Is it the object of a prepoposition?
Quiz