Grammar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glue Words (Again)

Now would be a good time to review the Glue Words.


There are three categories of "glue words" that you must memorize:

Review these words, then take the quiz at the bottom of the page.

Prepositions

  • about
  • above
  • according to
  • across
  • after*
  • against
  • along
  • along with
  • among
  • apart from
  • around
  • as*
  • as for
  • at
  • because of
  • before*
  • behind
  • below
  • beneath

  • beside
  • between
  • beyond
  • but* (except)
  • by
  • by means of
  • concerning
  • despite
  • down
  • during
  • except
  • except for
  • excepting
  • for
  • from
  • in
  • in addition to
  • in back of
  • in case of
  • in front of
  • in place of
  • inside
  • in spite of
  • instead of
  • into
  • like
  • near
  • next
  • next to
  • of
  • off
  • on
  • onto
  • on top of
  • out
  • out of
  • outside
  • over
  • past

  • regarding
  • round
  • since*
  • through
  • throughout
  • till
  • to
  • toward
  • under
  • underneath
  • unlike
  • until*
  • up
  • upon
  • up to
  • with
  • within
  • without

 

Coordinating Conjunctions (Fanboys)

  • for*
  • and 
  • nor
  • but *
  • or
  • yet
  • so
  • (then)


  • By far the most common fanboys are and, but, and so. You can pretty much forget the rest.
  • "For" is only a fanboy when it's used as an old-fashioned way of saying "because". That's less than 1% of the time. More than 99% of the time, "for" is a preposition.
  • "But" is almost always a fanboy. Very rarely, you might see it used as a preposition. The word "but" is only a preposition when it's used with the meaning of "except".
  • "Then" is not a true fanboy, but you can think of it as an "honorary fanboy".
  • "Nor" doesn't follow the usual rules. Try hard to forget that it exists.

 

Subordinating Conjunctions

  • after*
  • although
  • as*
  • as far as
  • as though
  • because
  • before*
  • even if
  • even though

 


  • if
  • inasmuch as
  • in case (that)
  • in order (that)
  • insofar as
  • in that
  • lest
  • no matter how
  • now that
  • once

  • only if
  • provided (that)
  • since*
  • supposing that
  • than****
  • though

 


  • till
  • unless
  • until*
  • when
  • whenever
  • where**
  • wherever
  • whereas
  • whether or not
  • while

 

* Words marked with a single asterisk can also function as prepositions.

** The word “where” is more commonly used to introduce an adjective clause or a noun clause.

*** These pairs express “degree” and do not follow the usual pattern.

**** The conjunction “than” is unusual in that the predicate of the subordinate clause is often omitted.

 

Instructions for the Quiz

Identify the underlined word.

You can use this "cheat sheet", if you like. (It's not really cheating, since these are open-note quizzes).

Quiz