Grammar 23


Introduction (Final Exam)

Congratulations! You have reached the end of this course on English grammar.

You have learned:

The 5 Basic Clause Patterns

    1. equative (S=C)
    2. intransitive (SV)
    3. transitive (SVO)
    4. ditransitive (SVOiOd)
    5. dummy subject (There is / It is)

The 5 Types of Sentences

    1. simple
    2. compound
    3. hybrid
    4. complex
    5. compound-complex

The 6 Basic Phrase Patterns

    1. Prepositional
    2. Appositive
    3. Gerund
    4. Participial (past and present)
    5. Absolute
    6. Infinitive

The 3 Kinds of Subordinate Clauses

    1. adverb clauses
    2. noun clauses
    3. adjective clauses (also known as relative clauses)

Wow, that's quite an accomplishment! Was it worth it? I think so. By studying the building blocks of the English sentence, you will now, I hope, have more confidence as you arrange (and rearrange) those blocks in different ways. You will also be able to analyze (and imitate) the styles of writers you admire.

Is there more to learn? Of course. English grammar is a labyrinth of exceptions and variations. But we've covered all the basics, and that's good enough for now. In fact, it's more than enough.

However, before we say goodbye to grammar for this year, there's one more thing we need to do:

Your final exam.

Think of the next four quizzes as your final exam. Each quiz consists of 25 questions randomly selected from earlier grammar units.

Good luck!