Grammar 7


Adverbs (Review)

Adverbs form another large category of words that can be cancelled.

Some adverbs are easy to recognize because they end with the suffix “-ly”.

There are, however, many adverbs that don't follow this pattern. Here are some typical examples:

Generally, any word or phrase that establishes the time or place where an action takes place can be classified as an adverb—and therefore can safely be cancelled. Here are some more examples:

Furthermore, any word that describes the degree or frequency of something is also probably an adverb—so go ahead and cancel it. Here are some typical examples:

Lastly, sometimes adverbs tell us the direction that something is moving.

Study the followng sentences. Notice how each of them has been simplified by cancelling out all the helping words, adjectives, and adverbs.

  Simplified Sentence Clause Pattern
1 The water was extremely cold. equative (S=C)
2 Suzy returned yesterday. intransitive (SV)
3 I am going to tidy my room tomorrow. transitive (SVO)
4 I saw Sally today. transitive (SVO)
5 I will call you later. transitive (SVO)
6 I will leave now. intransitive (SV)
7 I saw that movie last year. transitive (SVO)

Instructions for the Quiz

Find the base clause by cancelling all the adverbs.