Grammar 5


Five Basic Clause Patterns

Once again, here are the five basic clause patterns.

1 subject linking verb complement
2 subject action verb  
3 subject action verb (direct) object
4 subject action verb indirect object direct object
5 dummy
the rest of the sentence

Each of these patterns has a "name" and a "formula". The formula is just a short-hand way of remembering the order of the elements in that pattern.


Name Formula
1 equative S=C
2 intransitive SV
3 transitive SVO
4 ditransitive SVOiOd
5 dummy subject
There is / It is

Instructions for the Quiz

Match the name with the formula. In other words: