Easily Confused Words

Easily Confused Words (Review 10)

Review the following easily confused words.


belonging to it

  • That dog just walked on its back legs.
  • That store is having its back-to-school sale.
  • My car has a mind of its own.


it is

  • Guess what? It’s my birthday!
  • Do you know if it’s four o’clock yet?

it has

  • It’s been driving me crazy.
  • I think it’s taken the waiter twenty minutes to come back.


  1. Most of the time, there means “at that place” (the opposite of "here").
    • I went there to meet my brother.
    • I found my wallet over there.
  2. When placed at the beginning of a sentence, there often has little meaning other than "something exists."
    • There are ghosts in that haunted house.
    • There is an old house on the corner.



belongs to them

  • All of those kids with their contagious laughter really made my day.
  • They didn’t want to see all of their hard work go to waste.



"they are" or "they were".

  • They’re going to a party tomorrow.
  • You should meet my work friends; they’re a real hoot.


form of the verb "to be" (as in "you are," "we are", and "they are")
  • We are cleaning the house today.
  • They are nice people.
  • You are so tall!
  • Those kids are noisy.
  • All cats are mammals.


belong to us
  • Our table is made of wood.
  • We all take care of our classroom.
  • When our teacher told a joke, some of us laughed.

a lot

a large number

  • I brought a lot of ice cream to the party.
  • My brother plays video games a lot.
  • A lot of times, we just walk to school instead of taking the bus.


to assign or distribute in portions

  • They are going to allot two slices of pizza to each person.
  • When planning your school shoping, be sure to allot enough money for pens.
  • I was allotted twenty minutes to use the shower.


to take or receive something offered.

  • I would like to accept your invitation to dinner.
  • Permission slips are due tomorrow; late ones will not be accepted.
  • They are still accepting applications; we should apply!



  • I like all kinds of music except opera.
  • Everything except our final exam is done for the school year.
  • Except for strawberries, I am not allergic to anything.


in this place

  • My mom is picking me up here.
  • Here is your coat.
  • The library is not far from here.
  • Here you go!


to perceive sound with the ear

  • Did you hear that strange noise?
  • We didn't hear you come in.
  • When they heard the bell, they ran to class.

to be informed of

  • We didn't hear the news until today.
  • If I hear anything about it, I'll let you know.


that time

  • We were very tired by then.
  • Since then, I have been afraid of clowns.

links items in a sequence

  • She parked the car, then she locked it.

If . . . then constructions

  • If you want more salad, then get some.


used to compare

  • That dog is smaller than all the rest.
  • Your paper is more wrinkly than mine.
  • This book is harder to understand than the last one.

This is the spelling you’d use for more than, less than, rather than, or other than.



shows direction (usually into one side of something and out the other side)

  • Our car drove through the tunnel
  • I went through two years of training before getting my license.


  • Are you through with your spaghetti?
  • I'm through with this nonsense!


past tense of "throw"

  • My mom threw a frisbee to our dog.
  • We threw a big party to celebrate.
  • Angel threw out all the crumbs and napkins.


shows direction or aim

  • I went to the store.
  • She is going to school.

before an infinitive verb

  • I tried to run really fast.
  • We need to bake a cake.



  • It’s too hot to go outside.
  • This pizza is too salty!


  • We live in Texas, too.
  • You can come, too.


the number 2

  • I have two sisters.
  • Two of those dogs just ran away.


belonging to you

  • I like your shirt.
  • Your cat is hiding under the couch.
  • I think that pencil is yours.


you + are

  • You’re sitting on my coat.
  • I think you’re ready for the next level.
  • He told me you’re a piano player


usually a verb meaning "to influence" or "to impact"

  • The hurricane will probably affect the whole town.
  • When it doesn't rain for a longtime, it affects my allergies.
  • This book really affected my thinking about that subject.


usually a noun meaning "result" or "impact"

  • The coach's attidue had an effect on the whole team.
  • The fresh flowers had a beautiful effect on the room.
  • A side effect of my medicine is drowsiness.


Use when the speaker is the subject of the sentence (or part of a compound subject).

Hint: Usually appears in the first part of a sentence.

  • I am taking the bus.
  • Gabe and I are taking the bus.


Use when the speaker is the object of the sentence (or the object of a prepositional phrase).

Hint: Usually appears in the later part of a sentence.

  • The librarian helped me.
  • The librarian helped Gabe and me.
  • She made a scarf for me.


Use as the object when the speaker is both the subject ("I") and the object ("myself").

  • I dried myself off with a towel.
  • I poured myself a glass of water.

should of

should have / should've

  • I should have tried again.
  • I should've tried again.

could of

could have / could've

  • That could have been the last time.
  • That could've been the last time.

would of

would have / would've

  • I wish I would have known.
  • I wish I would've known.

shouldn't of

shouldn't have

  • You really shouldn't have done that.

couldn't of

couldn't have

  • The weather couldn't have been nicer.

wouldn't of

wouldn't have

  • I wouldn't have called if I'd known you were sleeping.