World History



Kalahari Desert

a semi-desert region in southern Africa that covers much of Botswana.

Congo River

a river of central Africa that flows through the Democratic Republic of the Congo before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean.

Mt. Kilimanjaro

the tallest mountain in Africa, located in Tanzania.


a flat grassland with scattered trees, common in central and southeast Africa.


a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water.

Egypt is located in the northeast corner of Africa, which is the second-largest continent after Asia. Africa’s major geographic features include the Sahara Desert in the north, the Kalahari Desert in the south, and tropical rain forests centered on the Congo River basin in south-central Africa. In eastern Africa are the Great Rift Valley, the Nile river, and Africa’s highest mountain, Mt. Kilimanjaro. The savanna is a large land area in central and southeast Africa with grasslands and scattered trees. The savanna is home to many of the famed large wild animals of Africa including lions, giraffes, and elephants.

The Nile River Delta, from Space

The Nile is the longest river in the world. It originates in the highlands of central Africa and flows north for more than 4,000 miles to the Mediterranean Sea where it forms a wide triangle-shaped delta in northern Egypt. Deltas are flat areas of land that sometimes form at the mouths of rivers where the rivers deposit sediment as they flow into the sea. Because of their abundant wildlife and plant life, deltas have always attracted humans. Egypt’s two largest cities, Cairo and Alexandria, are located on the Nile River delta.

Instructions for the Quiz

Answer the questions.