World History




an organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, and rules used to worship a god or a group of gods.


belief in many gods.


a type of massive tiered temple built by the Ancient Mesopotamians.

We can find the beginnings of religion in Neanderthal burials that included food and tools, presumably for use in the afterlife. Religion may have begun as a way to cope with misfortune and with the human awareness of death. Early religions usually worshiped several gods, a practice called polytheism.

Religion was extremely important in Sumer where priests were originally the most powerful people in society. Later, warrior kings would take control. Priests supervised the worship of seven great gods: earth, sky, sun, moon, salt water, fresh water, and storm. Sumerians believed their gods lived in statues housed in temples including large pyramid-like structures called ziggurats. Priests fed the god statues daily.

Instructions for the Quiz

Answer the questions.